How to hunt for a column
The rather bright, greenish color of the fur distinguishes the column from all other members of the mustelidas close to it.
Column – a typical predator. The main food for him are small animals – mice, voles, chipmunks, pikas. He eats a lot of birds and their eggs, as well as frogs and lizards. In the contents of the investigated stomachs can be found the remains of insects. Larger animals, such as the hare and the hazel hen, are attacked very rarely. In the muskrat lands, it inflicts substantial damage on the muskrat, destroying young muskrats and often attacking adult animals.
Column – furry animal
Vegetable food in the diet of the feed column occupies an insignificant place. It consists of pine nuts and berries, mainly lingonberries. The nature of the food depends on the habitat, species composition of the fauna and abundance of mouse-like.
The columns are widely distributed from Bashkiria and the Kirov region in the west to the shores of the Pacific Ocean in the east. It is not in Kamchatka and the Pacific Islands.
Basically, this predator is the inhabitant of the taiga zone, but in the south it enters the forest-steppe, where the forest islands follow, and in the north, along the dense bushes of the river valleys, it goes far into the forest-tundra. Often the column can be found among the hilarious swamp with high grass and shrubs or in the steppe areas, where it adheres to the river valleys with their rich vegetation. In the taiga zone, he prefers to stay in cluttered areas full of hollow trees. Here the sable is a serious competitor. By consuming animal food and vegetable food, the sable turns out to be better adapted to living in taiga conditions. Stronger than sables, the sable stubbornly pursues it, expelling it from its site, and quite often it nibbles at the animal that did not manage to escape. As the taiga lands populate with sable, the number of the column decreases, and in places where there is a lot of sable, there are no columns at all.
Reproduced columns once a year. Creeper gives in late April – early May. Gon runs in February — March. Pregnancy lasts 28-38 days. The number of young in the litter ranges from two to ten.
He makes his burrows in hollows under the roots of trees, among stones, in hollows under old buildings. Hunting mainly at dusk, but often wanders in search of food during the day.
In different years, there is a change in the number of animals, which, apparently, is in direct proportion to the state of the food supply and, in particular, from the “harvest” of mouse-like. In search of food
Columns have annual migrations to the places with the most accessible feeds. These migrations are especially pronounced in the highlands, where deep snow falling in the upper reaches of the rivers on the ridges forces the columns to descend into lower areas for winter.
The skin of the column is in great demand. They sew stoles, boas, collars and women’s outerwear from core fur. From longer hair taken from the tail, make the best varieties of brushes for artists working with watercolors and mascara.
Over the past 20-25 years, column blanks have decreased dramatically. For example, in Eastern Siberia during the five years (1932–1936), an average of 44.2 thousand columns were mined in a year, and during the last five years (1951–1955), an average of 20.4 thousand animals a year
The bulk of the columns were mined by hunters along the way, during the protein. The reduction of its workpieces is in direct accordance with the reduction of protein preforms.
While hunting for a squirrel, hunters do not miss a chance to get a column as a more valuable animal. In the fishery, many hunters simultaneously alarm the plate with a bait for a squirrel (mushroom) and a column (meat). If the fish serves as bait for the squirrel, the speakers willingly take it.
Many hunters along with dies set kulmki. Columns willingly attend squirrel’s spotting, getting used to using animals that have fallen into dies.
Special fishing column is, in most cases, trapped. Hunters prefer trap number 1, but some use number 0. Install them both with a bait, and without it. Meat is used as bait, especially grouse meat, hare, musk deer, fish, both fresh and salted, especially if it is slightly “stuffed” (it strongly dislikes fish and meat from speakers). A good bait are frogs and lizards. Many hunters make a special snake bait. To do this, put the snake in a bottle, which is sealed with a cork and put in a still warm Russian stove, or hung in the sun. From the heat, the snake decomposes until it turns into a muddy muck with a specific smell, a few drops of which sprinkle the usual bait or even a lump of moss. In some areas, honey gives a good result as bait.