Parrot hunting with hounds and terriers
Parfors fox hunting is becoming increasingly popular among the propertied classes, second only to deer hunting with flocks of deer hounds — the staghound.
The name “parforsnaya hunting” comes from the French “par force” – by force, through force. Horsemen with a pack of hounds lead the pursuit of a fox, a deer, a hare, and another beast until the beast is completely exhausted and, in exhaustion, does not stop running. Then he gets into the hounds teeth or is taken by hunters.
Fox: intelligent and cautious beast
The fox, being a smart beast, understood that rut is not for life, but for death. Having led a hunting cavalcade, she often flew, and the hunters, it would seem, had to return home. However, the terrier, who was sitting during the rut in a basket, strapped to the saddle of one of the horsemen, began to work. The terrier was full of strength following the predator … His work had two outcomes: either he chased the fox out of the hole, and it fell into the hounds’ teeth (sometimes the beast could slip away, and the rut continued), or pulled the smothered fox out of the hole. The finale of the Porphor hunting depended largely on the terrier.
For many years, an Old English black-toed terrier has been used in a parfors fox hunt. The heyday of hunting demanded the creation of a specialized fox terrier. So there was a fox terrier. Initially, breeding was carried out in flocks of hounds, later some breeders began to work on this.
The maintenance of terriers in packs was often led by a master – a person professionally engaged in organizing the work of hounds, who led them by arrival (training) and was responsible for the proper conduct of the hunt, the observance of its rules, regulations and order.
Terriers in many regions of England worked with flocks of hounds. The Welsh Terrier worked in Wales with the Welsh Foxhounds. This work was most difficult in the border areas, in the mountain districts of Cumberland and Westnorland.
Both hounds and terriers were distinguished by their phenomenal endurance. In the wild mountainous terrain, packs often drove the fox for dozens of hours without a break, leaving the riders far behind. The local terrier (the future boarder) was not taken in the saddle here – he accompanied the horse hunters during the whole rut, after that he followed the fox with a leaning and entered into a fight with her in the most difficult conditions of rocky shelters abounding inside with sharp. protruding edges of stones and other obstacles. Following the rider, the terrier had to adjust to the horse’s gait and run beside her so as not to fall under the hoof and not be hurt.
In the Lake District, hunting conditions were even more difficult: hunting was carried out on foot, since neither the horse nor the donkey could follow the dogs. The ancestors of the future Lakelands were also on their feet all day, accompanying the hunters. Terriers were never worn on their hands to the place of work, that is, where the fox went.
Terriers worked with packs of otterhound (otterhound) otterhounds, who were looking for the otter’s trail, followed him to the place where she went into the water, and swimming for her shelter. After that came the turn of the terrier. Hounds, working with hounds, were taught to calm behavior among a large concentration of dogs, as well as to fearless attitude towards horses.
English parforsnaya fox hunting
All participants were necessarily dressed in a red coat, black velvet jockey cap, white leggings and lacquered high boots with rattling spurs. Women are also involved in the hunt. The hunters are not armed. By the beginning of the XIX century. England becomes a trendsetter in parforsnoy hunting. The country cultivated its most complex species, developed the rules and procedures for its conduct, as well as the rules. Today in England there are rich traditions of parforsnyh hunting.
For the transportation of terriers there were special containers – a small wicker basket or a special bag. A basket. as a rule, they were attached to the saddle, and the hunter wore a bag at an angle obliquely over his shoulder. The main thing was that the container with the terrier did not interfere with the rider during the jump. During the rutting of the fox, the jump could last for 10-30 km. Riders overcame various obstacles, including high barriers. It was a good reason to demonstrate the riding class. Over time, parforsnaya hunting becomes more and more sporty.
Along with the hunt, conducted for economic and sports purposes, in England there was another kind of entertainment, in which animals were involved, including terriers.